In February 2017, there was a national average of 4.1 jobseekers for every notified vacancy. The demand for new staff remains at high levels. The number of jobs available throughout the economy and the number of advertised vacancies are significantly higher than last year. In western Germany, the number of notified vacancies compared to the previous year was up by 10.3 % to 540 830, and in eastern Germany up by 8.1 % to 131 770.
The ratio of available labour to registered vacancies was particularly high in the following occupational categories:
The number of registered vacancies in February 2017 is 674 661. Year on year, this represents an increase of 9.9 %. 91 % of the registered vacancies are to be filled immediately.
In February 2017, the largest numbers of jobs were advertised in the following sectors:
Currently, according to the Bundesagentur für Arbeit, there is no overall skills shortage in Germany. There are, however, bottlenecks in some technical sectors and specific health and care professions. Compared with the previous analysis, the skills situation in administration has become less acute, whereas a shortage of skilled labour in civil engineering has arisen. Shortages of skilled workers and specialists mean that bottlenecks in some areas are more clearly visible than in previous analyses.
At present there are more vacancies than qualified unemployed persons throughout Germany in the following areas:
Text last edited on: 08/2017
Short overview of the labour market
With 81 million inhabitants, Germany has the fourth-largest national economy and industrial base in the world. Well over 90 % of all German companies are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which account for two-thirds of all jobs and more than half of Germany’s economic output. In 2015, Germany was the world's third largest trading nation, behind the United States and China.
Overall, the labour market has continued to develop positively in Germany. Unemployment increased in February compared with August 2016, but fell compared with the same month the previous year. Demand for labour, in terms of employment and notified vacancies, remains high.
Number of unemployed persons in February 2017: 2,762,095
Unemployment rate in February 2017: 6.3 %
Year-on-year change: -0.3 %
As at December 2016, according to figures from the Federal Employment Agency, employment in jobs subject to social security deductions had increased in West and East Germany compared with the same month in the previous year:
Number of people in jobs subject to social security deductions: 31.88 million
Year-on-year change: +735 000 / +2.4 %
In December 2016, 23.14 million, or 73 %, of the total of 31.88 million people in jobs subject to social security deductions worked full-time, while 8.74 million, or 27 %, worked part-time. The number of jobs subject to social security deductions is growing across all federal states, with the strongest growth rate (+4.4 %) being again recorded in Berlin.
In the year-on-year comparison between sectors, the predominant picture was of growth across the board. The clearest increases in employment in December 2016 were in the sectors:
A small contraction in employment was seen in the following sectors:
The biggest companies in Germany in 2016 include, as in previous years, the vehicle manufacturers Volkswagen AG and Daimler AG, and the energy company Eon.
Text last edited on: 08/2017
Top 10 of the most required occupations in Germany
1. Shop sales assistants (ISCO 5223)
2. Agricultural and industrial machinery mechanics and repairers (ISCO 7233)
3. Manufacturing labourers not elsewhere classified (ISCO 9329)
4. Nursing associate professionals (ISCO 3221)
5. Heavy truck and lorry drivers (ISCO 8332)
6. Stock clerks (ISCO 4321)
7. Metal working machine tool setters and operators (ISCO 7223)
8. Waiters (ISCO 5131)
9. Motor vehicle mechanics and repairers (ISCO 7231)
10. Freight handlers (ISCO 9333)