Description: Slovakia, officially the Slovak Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czech Republic to the northwest. Slovakia's mostly mountainous territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres, with a population of over 5.4 million. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, the second-largest is Košice.
COVID-19: All important up-to-date information, rules and regulations concerning COVID – 19 in Slovakia can be found at the official government portal korona.gov.sk/en/.
At present, there are enough graduates of mechanical and electrical engineering schools, workers in hotel and restaurants, vendors, cleaners, administrative workers, support staff, assembly workers, handling workers, kitchen helpers, warehouse workers, documentarians.
The change of profession is highly topical at present. Due to pandemic measures, employers decide to relocate their workforce to sectors that have not been so affected by the pandemic. Currently, there are available positions of production operators in engineering production, operators of production of plastic and aluminium windows and doors, truck drivers, metal welders.
On average, in 2020, employment decreased by 2-% year-on-year, the total number of employees dropped by more than 50 thousand to 2 531,3 thousand persons. The employment rate reached the level of 72,5-%. The largest decrease in the number of employees was among young people under the age of 25, the year-on-year decrease exceeded 10-%, while the number of workers the age of 55 increased slightly.
Most of the sectors felt the impact of the COVID – 19 pandemic in terms of staff reductions. The biggest declines throughout the year were recorded in services, particularly accommodation and food services, where employment decreased by 12,3-%, in transportation and storage and in professional, scientific and technical activities, with equal decrease by 7,6-%. On the contrary, increase was recorded mainly in information and communication.
At the regional level, employment decreased in 2020 in all regions, the largest decreases were in the Prešov, Bratislava and Nitra regions. Employment was best sustained in Trnava and it was the only region where the employment rate increased slightly. At the same time, the largest decline in employment was in Prešov which together with Košice reached its lowest level in the Slovakia. The second largest decrease in the year-on-year employment rate was in Bratislava which, on the contrary, shows the highest employment rate in the country. In 2020 it was 79,8-%.
Compared to 2019, short-term migration for work abroad decreased by 5,2-% to 121,9 thousand. Migrant workers tend to be concentrated in industry, construction, and health and social work. Almost a quarter of those working abroad were from the Prešov region, but the largest year-on-year increase was in Trnava (by 25,5-%).
In 2020, unemployment in Slovakia rose to 6,7-% was also caused by the COVID – 19 pandemic situation. The number of unemployed persons reached 181,4 thousand. Regarding the most important sectors for the year 2020, the number of unemployed, who previously worked in industry, accommodation and food services, increased the most.
The ICT sector plays an important role in the Slovak economy and has significant potential for the growth. Due to a favorable combination of business advantages Slovakia has become an attractive destination for ICT investors.
Based on the Global Competitiveness Report, Slovakia is the best in ICT adoption among Visegrad group countries (Poland, Czechia, Hungary, Slovakia).
The sector creates more than 87,000 job opportunities. The majority of IT services in Slovakia are composed by application support and other tailor–made services (such as helpdesk, network administration, cloud storage, remote support, etc.) followed by tailor-made software development and outsourcing.
The game development industry in Slovakia has been gaining pace by uniting a wide range of studios. This rapidly growing market with nearly doubled revenues in the past two years is a result of the world's top industry professionals presence and together with relevant educational programs are shaping new generations of game developers.
Employing foreigners from outside the EU in Slovakia
Like EU/EEA and Swiss citizens, third-country nationals (foreigners from non-EU countries) also have the opportunity to work in the Slovak Republic according to certain rules and regulations. More information can be found on Employing foreigners from outside of the EU.
Legal advice, job counselling, free Slovak language courses and financial contribution training or education for both foreigners from outside the EU and their future employers in Slovakia are provided by IOM Migration information centre.
Labour supply and demand are significantly affected by the current situation due to the COVID-19 pandemic and therefore the labour market has changed compared to previous years. The positions that require specialised qualification are technologists, IT specialists and nurses. High demand is also for manual logistics workers, production workers, bus and truck drivers, couriers and vendors.
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Text last edited on: 04/2021