About Luxembourg | EURES - European Job Days

About Luxembourg

Luxembourg – a great place to live and work.

The Luxembourg job market is characterised by an international and multicultural working environment, an exceptional level of foreign and multilingual integration, the predominance of the service sector and an unemployment rate lower than the European average.

The Luxembourg job market in a few words:

  • Twice as many jobs as the national active population.
  • The excess job openings have to be filled with outside job seekers.
  • Around 70% of the country’s workforce is made up of immigrants or border workers (from Germany, Belgium and France).
  • In June 2018, the unemployment rate was 5.5%.
  • There are also some 10.000 international officials and civil servants.
  • Almost 50% of Luxembourg’s population comprises foreigners originating from 189 territories, speaking no less than 83 languages.

The indigenous workforce is fluent in the three languages used in day-to-day life (Luxembourgish, French and German). Given the multicultural environment, English is also widely used. The choice of language in the workplace largely depends on the origin or nationality of the company.

The Luxembourg financial sector plays a leading role on the international stage and many European institutions are located in the capital of Luxembourg.

For many years, the iron and steel industry was the driving force behind the Luxembourg’s economy, until the crisis in the industry in the 1970s. ArcelorMittal, whose headquarters are in Luxembourg City, is currently the world's largest steel group. But big industrial companies like DuPont de Nemours, Guardian Glass, Goodyear, Delphi, etc. are still active in the sector.

While the number of employees in the industrial sector has declined in recent years, there has been a tremendous expansion in the tertiary sector. In the fields of information technology, communication and the media, several communication giants operate out of Luxembourg – the huge multinationals in the digital economy, are all present in Luxembourg.

Main ICT activities in Luxembourg:

  • Distribution of digital content, such as music, videos and games.
  • Archiving and management of digital data.
  • Online sales platforms.
  • Communication services.
  • Cloud services.
  • Online payment services.
  • Helpdesks.
  • Intellectual property.

Taking advantage of excellent connectivity to international markets, Luxembourg's logistics sector is surging ahead.

Research and innovation are key elements in the policy to diversify Luxembourg’s economy. In relation to the economy as a whole, the crafts sector represents 22% of businesses and 23% of total employment (2017 figures).

The tourism sector represents 7.6% of total employment. Agriculture's contribution to the national economy has been stable in recent years, but at a very low level.

In Luxembourg, there is a strong tradition of social stability and social problems are usually resolved within the framework of wide-ranging consultation between the social partners, both at business and national levels.

Luxembourg is loved by all those looking for a high standard of living, including exceptionally good salaries and social security benefits. It is not by chance, therefore, that internationally respected surveys regularly confirm that Luxembourg is a great place to live.

At the same time, it is undeniable that everyday life in Luxembourg comes at a price. Housing remains expensive, and the same applies to food and clothing. On the other hand, everything connected with mobility (public transport, cars, fuel) is cheaper in Luxembourg than in most other European countries.

This small, green and diverse country, which consistently ranks among the safest places in the world, has numerous advantages which make living here an enriching and enjoyable experience for single people, couples and families.

Luxembourg has a first-rate healthcare system, above average social security benefits and a large network of international schools and day care facilities. It is normal for children to learn 3 or more languages at school, enabling them to develop fully in a truly international setting.

Fact sheet about Luxembourg

  • Official name: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
  • Capital: Luxembourg City.
  • Neighbouring countries: Germany, Belgium, France.
  • Area: 2,586 square kilometers. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg extends from north to south over a maximum distance of 82km and 57km from east to west.
  • Population: 602.005 inhabitants (1 January 2018), of whom almost 48% are foreigners. 16% of the national population are Portuguese citizens.
  • Form of government: constitutional monarchy functioning as a parliamentary democracy.
  • National language: Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch).
  • Administrative languages: French, German and Luxembourgish.
  • Climate: temperate, with no extreme fluctuations, tending to damp and cold. Annual average temperature: about 9°C; average temperature ranges between 0°C in January and 18°C in July.

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