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Where are the available workers?

The rise in recruitment continues in most but not all of the broad occupational groups, and with marked differences in pace.

Out of 19 sectors, 5 have negative quarter-on-quarter changes: 3 in the industrial sector (wood and furniture, extraction/mining and miscellaneous industries), 2 in the services sector (transport and IT services and telecoms).

Note, above all, the decline in the technical professions, whose share is 10.2%. This drop by only 0.1%, was preceded by a -5.3% contraction in the previous quarter. This produces the first year-on-year reduction after 5 quarters (-1.8).

Compared to the 4th quarter of 2015, hirings of medium-level staff, decreased by 1%. As to this group, the contraction expected in the first quarter of the year is due to a reduction in the hiring of trade and services personnel (-2.9%), after 4 quarters of growth.

In the 1st quarter of 2016 the most disadvantaged occupations are 8, which in this quarter are at their annual minimum; they include cooks, waiters and other tourism services professions, with over 13 600 hirings, customer reception and assistance staff (about 5 800), and drivers of means of transport (over 4 900). For 11 occupations, the number of hirings is expected to be below the average figure, without falling to trough levels; this is the largest group in terms of total number of hirings (about 48 000) and includes cleaning services and other personal care staff and retail and wholesale sales assistants.

EXCELSIOR informs - First quarter of 2016

Text last edited on: 04/2016

HO.RE.CA.

-Technicians involved in the organization and control of production
-Technicians of accommodation and similar activities
(Food and beverage assistant, reservations coordinator, Maître, Hall manager)
-Technicians of the organization of fairs, conventions and similar
-Travel agents
-Guides and specialized guides
-Managers and managers of small businesses in hotels and public establishments
-Catering staff and public exercises
-Cooks in hotels and restaurants: (Cookery service organization, Cook help, Help pizza maker, Chef, Kitchen commis, Cook, Pastry chef, Gastronome, Pizza chef)
-Waiters and similar: (Bar-restaurant attendant, Company restaurant service attendant, Catering service staff, Cafeteria counters, Waiter, Waiter on the floors, Waiter of the bar, Waiter on board, Waiter waiter, Commis di sala bar, Sommelier)
Baristas and similar: (Bar service attendant, Pastry banker, Barista, Gelataio)

 

 

Where are the available jobs?

The recovery of labour demand continued in the 1st quarter of 2016 in both industry and services, albeit at different paces, despite the opposite seasonal characteristics of the two sectors, which give an additional boost to industry but have a negative impact on services. Compared to the last months of 2015, predicted revenue increased by 1.6% in industry and by 3.7% in services.

While both sectors remained on an upward course, labour demand seems to be slowing down in industry and accelerating in services, reflecting respectively the uncertainties and slowdown in worldwide demand (i.e. in exports), and the by now well-established recovery of domestic demand.

The top industrial sector is paper and printing (+13.8%), followed by pharmaceuticals, chemistry and petroleum products (+11.8%), food (+8.8%) and metal-working and electronics (+3.5%); the remaining sectors with a rising employment rate remain below the average figure, with a minimum of +0.2% in the construction sector. In the services sector, the strongest growth was recorded in operational services supporting businesses and households (+12.6%), advanced business services (+10.8%) and financial and insurance services (+7.8%).

As to the quarterly trend in the main components of labour demand, both industry and services show a relatively fast growth in the income of workers with atypical contracts (agency workers and workers similar to salaried workers). Despite the contraction in collaboration contracts, the income of these workers rose by 6.7% in industry and by 8.1% in services. On the other hand, the two sectors differ in terms of hirings proper: they declined by 0.5% in the industry sector, but rose by 2.6% in the services sector. Albeit to a different extent, permanent employment contracts increased (+0.7% in the industry sector and +2.6% in the services sector); in industry apprenticeship contracts and fixed-term contracts decreased, as companies currently seem to prefer seasonal and agency workers. Therefore, the climate of uncertainty seems to shift the focus of enterprises to types of contracts with greater flexibility; indeed, stable hirings (including those of apprentices) decreased by 1.6%, while fixed-term contracts increased by 3.2%. On the other hand, in services all types of contracts are on the increase (with the exception of collaboration contracts); for instance, both permanent and fixed-term contracts have increased by a similar extent: respectively by +3% and +4%.

EXCELSIOR Survey - First quarter of 2016

Text last edited on: 04/2016

HO.RE.CA.

Below is the detail of the individual professional figures:

-Technicians involved in the organization and control of production
-Technicians of accommodation and similar activities
(Food and beverage assistant, reservations coordinator, Maître, Hall manager)
-Technicians of the organization of fairs, conventions and similar
-Travel agents
-Guides and specialized guides
-Managers and managers of small businesses in hotels and public establishments
-Catering staff and public exercises
-Cooks in hotels and restaurants: (Cookery service organization, Cook help, Help pizza maker, Chef, Kitchen commis, Cook, Pastry chef, Gastronome, Pizza chef)
-Waiters and similar: (Bar-restaurant attendant, Company restaurant service attendant, Catering service staff, Cafeteria counters, Waiter, Waiter on the floors, Waiter of the bar, Waiter on board, Waiter waiter, Commis di sala bar, Sommelier)
Baristas and similar: (Bar service attendant, Pastry banker, Barista, Gelataio)

Short overview of the labour market:

In the third quarter of 2015, the GDP quarter-on-quarter growth, which had started at the beginning of 2015 continued, albeit at a slower pace (+0.2%). However the quarter was marked by a further increase in the year-on-year growth rate which reached +0.8% from +0.1% in the first quarter and +0.6% in the second quarter.

This result was accompanied by steady though slow improvement in all labour market indicators, which showed quarter-on-quarter increases for both labour input and employment, and a drop in unemployment.

The recovery seemed to come to a standstill in the last months. The slight growth recorded during the August-October term (+0.1%, 32 000) combines the strong increase recorded in August with the subsequent similarly marked declines of September and October (-0.2%).

As for year-on-year changes, employment increased by 247 000 people, and geographical gaps shrank for the second consecutive quarter; over half of employment growth was indeed in the South and Islands area (+136 000). A high educational level was confirmed as an advantage in the labour market. The year-on-year decrease in unemployment mainly involved people with previous work experiences, especially in the South and Islands area, and people seeking first employment, mainly women and young people.

Flow data show that young people still accounted for more than half of the new entrants into employment after 12 months, and the trend is still growing. The number of discouraged people decreased, as entry into employment became easier. Permanence in employment of temporary employees increased both for persons continuing with fixed-term contracts and for those who moved on to permanent contracts.

As for sectors, in the third quarter, the quarter-on-quarter growth was particularly significant for wage employment in the private services, more reliant on domestic demand.

For the economy as a whole, employment growth in the quarter concerned only temporary positions, Central and Southern regions and, especially, young people aged 15-34. The year-on year growth in permanent employment concerned men and the over-50.

In enterprises, the year-on-year growth of labour input showed up both in the number of jobs and hours worked, also as a result of the robust reduction in the use of the wage subsidy scheme (cassa integrazione). Growth was concentrated in services. Temporary employment agency jobs continued to increase, as did the job vacancy rate, albeit at a slower pace, on both a quarterly and annual basis. Year-on-year gross wages’ growth was higher than inflation and the purchasing power of salaries before tax continued to increase.

Text last edited on: 04/2016

HO.RE.CA.

Italy famously owns a lot cities with an historical, artistic and cultural heritage and value,
Museums and archaeological excavations, churches and cathedrals (with some of the most visited religious sites in the world), national parks, almost 8,000 km of coastline with seaside resorts, lagoons, lakes, spas and mountain structures equipped for winter sports. And it is the nation that holds the largest number of sites in the world (50) included UNESCO's World Heritage List.

Italy is undoubtedly the country in which tourism is a fundamental sector for economic growth and development with enormous potential in the employment field.

According to Eurispes, the Italian tourism industry in contributing to an important part of the nation’s GDP, estimated between 10% and 12% with the expectation that, with interventions to relaunch the sector, the figure will double over a decade. Furthermore, the research institute includes tourism (together with culture, manufacturing and agriculture) among the "pillars of our economy and a determining factor for a reconstruction of the role of Italy in the world".

On the employment front, the Fourth Observatory on the labor market of tourism in Italy, estimates that the tourism sector has almost 1 million jobs in Italy, a figure that represents 5% of national employment (percentage also confirmed by ISTAT data) ). The 2014 Report was drawn up on the basis of Inps data for the years 2008-2011, by Federalberghi, Fipe (Italian Federation of public exercises), and Ebnt (National Bilateral Tourism Agency).
And in the most recent period Italy has settled at the 8th place for the year 2017 (out of the total of 136 countries) in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report as issued by the World Economic Forum

Tourism is a driving sector for youth employment. From the travel industry, with agents and tour operators, to the hotel and restaurant sector, the sector offers more and more opportunities for young people. According to the Report mentioned above, young people represent 63% of the employed, 602 thousand employees under 40 and 342 thousand under 30.

The sector also guarantees economic stability as workers hired on permanent contracts account for 67% of the total.

A variety of accommodation facilities, but above all the areas that affect the tourism-hotel sector, the panorama of the professions is very varied. The Istat classification identifies and details the professional figures that can be contained in two large families:
Professions in public and personal services (employees in accommodation facilities, organizers of fairs and conventions, tour operators, travel agents, tourist guides, for example)
Qualified professionals in commercial activities and services (catering staff, such as chefs and waiters, but also managers and hotel managers)

Hot jobs:

Top 10 of the most required occupations in Italy

1.    Technicians and associate professionals    (ISCO 3)
2.    Clerical support workers    (ISCO 4)
3.    Draughtspersons    (ISCO 3118)
4.    Information and communications technology operations and user support technicians    (ISCO 351)
5.    Financial and mathematical associate professionals    (ISCO 331)
6.    Information and communications technology professionals    (ISCO 25)
7.    Waiters and bartenders    (ISCO 513)
8.    Business and administration associate professionals    (ISCO 33)
9.    Managers    (ISCO 1)
10.  Fitness and recreation instructors and program leaders    (ISCO 3423)

HO.RE.CA.

-Technicians involved in the organization and control of production
-Technicians of accommodation and similar activities
(Food and beverage assistant, reservations coordinator, Maître, Hall manager)
-Technicians of the organization of fairs, conventions and similar
-Travel agents
-Guides and specialized guides
-Managers and managers of small businesses in hotels and public establishments
-Catering staff and public exercises
-Cooks in hotels and restaurants: (Cookery service organization, Cook help, Help pizza maker, Chef, Kitchen commis, Cook, Pastry chef, Gastronome, Pizza chef)
-Waiters and similar: (Bar-restaurant attendant, Company restaurant service attendant, Catering service staff, Cafeteria counters, Waiter, Waiter on the floors, Waiter of the bar, Waiter on board, Waiter waiter, Commis di sala bar, Sommelier)
Baristas and similar: (Bar service attendant, Pastry banker, Barista, Gelataio)

Job offers

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