Occupations most frequently listed on the EURES Job Mobility portal:
- Concrete placers, concrete finishers and related workers
- Waiters, waitresses and bartenders
- Structural-metal preparers and erectors
- Electrical mechanics and fitters
- Plumbers and pipe fitters
- Painters and related workers
- Insulation workers
- Crane, hoist and related plant operators
- Production and operations department managers in construction
The greatest numbers of jobs are available for specialists who have successfully completed an apprenticeship and auxiliary staff who have successfully completed compulsory education. Electrical fitters (including those with higher educational qualifications), pipe fitters, general fitters, lathe operators, drivers, bricklayers, carpenters and joiners: and specialists with professional experience who have successfully completed an apprenticeship are wanted, especially in Upper Austria, Lower Austria, Styria and Vienna.
There is a demand for specialists in tourism and the hotel and catering trade – mainly those who have completed an apprenticeship (chefs and waiters) – and for auxiliary staff (kitchen, serving and room staff) who have successfully completed compulsory schooling. For all vacancies in these fields, relevant work experience and flexibility are either essential or desirable. Sales persons and shop assistants (particularly in the foodstuffs sector) who have completed an apprenticeship or compulsory schooling are needed throughout Austria, especially in Vienna and Lower Austria. In the wholesale and retail trade, the number of part-time posts is still on the rise.
There has been a decrease in unemployment compared with last year in all production sectors, especially in the metalworking/electrical industries, construction trades and tourism. People who are registered as unemployed often have rather low qualification levels, moderate to severe employability handicaps (such as a lack of ‘soft skills’), social problems, physical disabilities/psychological disorders, or a lack of specialised knowledge. Women are particularly prone to unemployment in areas such as the wholesale and retail trade, in cases where a lack of qualifications is compounded by childcare obligations which limit their mobility and flexibility. Many people in seasonal occupations in tourism, such as waiters, room staff, chefs, and kitchen staff, are unemployed during off-peak periods such as that between the end of the winter season and the start of the summer season.
In April 2011, unemployment was highest among people in seasonal tourism-related occupations (waiters, chefs, kitchen, and room staff); in the wholesale and retail trade; among auxiliary workers; in cleaning, storekeeping and warehousing; in office occupations; among industrial and commercial specialists, drivers, building labourers, merchandise graders and hand packers; and among active company owners/directors. Unemployment is highest among people whose top level of educational attainment is compulsory schooling, followed by people who have completed an apprenticeship. In terms of regions, unemployment is most acute in Vienna, Lower Austria, and Styria.
Following the sharp decline in 2009, the Austrian economy has recovered and is growing steadily. Both foreign and domestic demand have risen. Positive developments on the labour market have led to increased consumer spending by private households and have had a positive impact on the economy. Owing to the positive order situation, businesses began taking on more staff, and unemployment fell by 0.3 % between April 2010 and 2011 to reach 6.5 %.
In some Bundesländer (e.g. Vienna), it does, however, remain difficult for young people to enter working life, with teenagers and young adults again being particularly hard-hit by unemployment in 2011. Despite this, in April 2011, youth unemployment had fallen by 7.9 % compared with the previous year.
The sectors employing most people are goods manufacturing, the wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and consumer goods, real estate and business services, construction, and healthcare and social services. The largest employers include the Spar Österreich group (retail), Strabag Societas Europaea (construction), Rewe International AG (retail), Trenkwalder International AG (management consultancy and recruitment), Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) (passenger and freight transport) and Voest Alpine AG (metal industry).
Across the whole of Austria, a decline in unemployment in industrial and commercial occupations – most obviously in technical occupations – is expected over the next few years. At the same time, unemployment will rise in service occupations, with women being affected by this rise (+34 % by 2015) more than men.
Over the next few years (to 2015), additional jobs will be created, mainly in the service sector. For women, the field of healthcare and social services offers a particularly high number of additional job opportunities. Conversely, between now and 2015, 45 % of all new jobs for men will be in the category ‘other economic services’, on account of the increasing demand from employee outsourcing companies. Further employment opportunities will be created for men in the field of manufacturing.